With world - top scientific research institutes and breeding companies, the Netherlands is well known dairy breeder and cattle exporter worldwide. Through selective breeding the Dutch scientists can adapt and improve successful high yielding breeds to any environment.
A couple of cattle breeds like Holstein-Friesian; Maas, Rijn and Ijssel; Groningen White headed, and Dutch Red and Whites originate from the Netherlands.
The high demand for milk products has led towards reduction in diversity and specialization into a highly productive dairy breeds like the Holstein- Friesian. At present, Holstein-Friesians form 90 percent of the total amount of cows (1.5 million) in the Netherlands.
The milk yield in The Netherlands is amongst the world’s highest. Our cows produce between 8 500 and 9 000 kg of milk with high fat and protein content of 4.52% and 3.55%, respectively. The Holstein-Friesian cattle have been developed into the highest yielding dairy cow breed worldwide. Because of their positive reputation all around the world and their valuable external and internal characteristics including their longevity, Holstein-Friesian was used as a base for further selection through the past years and now. Different variations of the breed, which were selected for the specific environmental requirements, are widely used in USA, UK, New Zealand and many other countries worldwide.
The Netherlands has leading scientific research institutes and breeding organizations like CRV and Veepro. They are supporting the improvement of the breeds and have branches worldwide. This makes the Netherlands one of the leading countries in the dairy breeding and one of the biggest exporters of heifers and semen in the world. In addition, the Dutch breeders are playing an important role in crossbreeding. They select and crossbreed specific breeds based on particular customers’ specifications worldwide. Therefore, the Netherlands is a promising partner for the dairy development in the Middle East and North Africa region. The region is known for relatively harsher climate and environment. Dutch companies are exporting heifers and semen with specifics for production in hot-arid areas which will improve the local breeds.